Pike Vs Spear: Which Weapon Reigns Supreme?


When it comes to medieval weapons, the pike and spear are two of the most iconic and recognizable tools of war. Both weapons were used extensively throughout history by armies all over the world, from the ancient Greeks to the Napoleonic Wars. But which weapon is better? In this article, we’ll take a closer look at the pike and spear to determine which one reigns supreme.

What is a Pike?

A pike is a long, spear-like weapon that was typically used by infantry soldiers. Pikes could range in length from 10 to 25 feet and were designed to be used in tight formations to keep enemy cavalry at bay. The pike was a popular weapon in the 16th and 17th centuries and was especially effective in large-scale battles.

What is a Spear?

A spear is a shorter weapon that was used by infantry and cavalry soldiers alike. Spears were typically around 6 to 8 feet in length and were designed for close combat. Unlike the pike, which was used primarily in formation, the spear was a versatile weapon that could be used in a variety of situations.

Advantages of the Pike

One of the biggest advantages of the pike was its reach. With a pike, soldiers could keep their enemies at a safe distance, reducing the risk of injury or death. Additionally, the pike was designed to be used in tight formations, which made it ideal for large-scale battles. When used correctly, a group of soldiers armed with pikes could create an impenetrable wall of steel.

Advantages of the Spear

While the pike had its advantages, the spear was a more versatile weapon. Because it was shorter than the pike, the spear was easier to maneuver in close combat situations. Additionally, the spear could be used by both infantry and cavalry soldiers, making it a more flexible weapon overall. Finally, the spear was lighter and easier to carry than the pike, which made it ideal for soldiers on the move.

Disadvantages of the Pike

While the pike had its advantages, it also had some major drawbacks. For one, the pike was a difficult weapon to use effectively. Because it was so long, it required a significant amount of training to wield properly. Additionally, the pike was a heavy weapon, which made it tiring to use for extended periods of time.

Disadvantages of the Spear

The spear also had its disadvantages. While it was a more versatile weapon than the pike, it was also less effective in large-scale battles. Because it was shorter than the pike, it was easier for enemy soldiers to get past it and attack the soldiers wielding it. Additionally, the spear was not as effective against cavalry as the pike, which made it less useful in certain situations.


So, which weapon reigns supreme? The answer is that it depends on the situation. In large-scale battles, the pike was the clear winner. Its reach and ability to be used in tight formations made it an ideal weapon for keeping enemy cavalry at bay. However, in more versatile situations, the spear was the better choice. Its flexibility and ease of use made it a useful weapon for both infantry and cavalry soldiers. Ultimately, both weapons were essential tools of war and played important roles in the history of warfare.